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According to the study of UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLASS), there are over 2.6 billion people who are living without access to improved sanitation facilities and nearly 900million people not receiving drinking water from improved water sources. ASHA as a non-governmental organization (NGO) which operating at a national level is coordinating its efforts to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) target seven to reduce the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The following majors have been adopted by ASHA to improve the sanitation levels in the country;

  • Contributing to improved access to safe water-ASHA contributes to engage in construction of new water sources which would improve access to safe drinking water. New technological water sources like borehole, shallow  wells, tap stands, rain water harvesting jars, rain water harvesting tanks etc have to be constructed. Improving access to safe water will reduce diarrheal diseases, workload on women and children would also be reduced who constantly go out in search for clean water. This will also lead to an improved school enrollment and better academic performance of children.
  • ASHA which is working in the remotest rural areas has accumulated important and valuable capacity of practical knowledge about the local situations and has thereby developed knowledge and understanding through our independent research of local water and health problems.
  • ASHA has been very open and transparent to spread awareness about the environment contamination problems and their links to various health problems. The right to clean water as a basic need has to be educated to the public and therefore it depends upon the right to knowledge about it.
  •  ASHA plays an important role in improving the public access to the proper information about the local problems, including drinking water quality and water related health risks. A seminar and workshop is organized by ASHA on water problems for the communities and local authorities, multi stakeholder debate on water supply, sanitation sector development and technical solutions required for improvement in the system. Public hearings and grievances about the water and sanitations action plans at the local and national levels are also discussed in the workshop. ASHA also publishes many educational and informative materials about various water and health problems.
  • ASHA also takes initiative to spread valuable experience in the implementation of good practices for Water Resource Management including water sources protection and also educate the local communities about the possible technical solutions and alternatives to improve the situation. We believe in forging partnership and international co-operation to address issues on drinking water and sanitation.
  • Women are actively encouraged to form a part of the group and to empower them to act for improvement in access to safe water and adequate sanitation. Forging partnerships with Women’s Working Group as a key actor can contribute practically to the realization of the right to water for all at all levels.  This group leaves the charge for their own children and families and at the same time fight for the right of others in fulfilling the right to water.
  • ASHA is contributing towards an improved access to sanitation and hygiene by developing the following facilities:
  1. Household latrine-traditional
  2. Household hand washing facilities installed
  3. Drying racks construction
  4. School latrine stances
  5. Water disposal facilities
  6. Household latrine-VIP (Ventilated Improved Latrine)
  7. Household Ecosan- ArborLoo latrine
  8. Household Ecosan- UDDT (Urine Diverting Dry Toilet)
  9. Public latrine stances- Ecosan
  10. Public latrine stances- VIP
  • ASHA has undertaken various household sanitation and hygiene activities aimed at generating demand improving supply and creating an enabling environment for hygiene and sanitation. These activities or are as follows:
  1. Construction of new sanitation and new hygiene facilities.
  2. Promotion of ecological sanitation
  3. Training community and volunteer
  4. Community sensitization
  5. Provision of community structures with tools such as by-cycles and enforce community sanitation by laws

A sanitation marketing initiative is also being planned to promote sanitation and hygiene

  • ASHA facilitates in the formation and training of community health clubs and community health educators for training and facilitating with by-cycles in order to monitor the community for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) camps. Community health workers are linked with health systems which contribute to the effectiveness and sustainability.
  • Sanitation promotion is also enhanced through the micro credit involving fund for sanitation where loans are given to clients for construction of sanitation and hygiene facilities. This is done by conducting drama shows, community competitions, selection and training based structures, radio talk shows sensitization, village advocacy meeting on sanitation at the village level. We have also provided by-cycle for the mobility of the hygiene educators and sanitation tool-kits.
  • School sanitation and hygiene: ASHA is planning to implements WASH programs in primary schools which includes equipping school staffs with sanitation and hygiene messages and promotion of inclusion of WASH activities in their school curriculum. Key element in the promotion of hygiene in schools includes the practice of hand washing; enable regular cleaning sanitation facilities and formation of various school health clubs to train them in hygiene and sanitation. This club plays an important role to communicate the basic WASH activities among the rest of the pupil. This message would be further communicated from children to adults by a thorough Community Development Action (CDA).